I had to write this for a college class last year, I recieved an A for it. Enjoy!
A Single Thought
An Essay on Dangerous Philosophies
On November 21, 1694, an infant’s cry rang out as François-Marie Arouet was born into the world. His parents, François Arouet and Marie Marguerite d'Aumart, rejoiced that their new child was a healthy boy. If only they had known how their little boy would affect the world, even after his death.
This little boy would grow up to become France’s most influential philosopher of the Enlightenment. At the age of 24 François-Marie Arouet began to write, under the pseudonym of Voltaire. With his pen he would begin to write his thoughts - thoughts that have led to more thoughts, which in turn led to new ideas and philosophies. The ideas and philosophies that were birthed from Voltaire’s pen have since destroyed the lives of countless millions, and the governments of nations. It all began with a single thought, a dangerous thought; “My reasoning is my truth”
Voltaire began to elevate the philosophy of Rationalism in his writing - the idea that man’s reason is the sole criterion for truth. He wrote essays elevating man’s reason and thought and rejecting the absolutes of the Bible as well as God.
A contemporary of Voltaire was a man named Jean-Jacques Rousseau, he disliked Voltaire’s cold Rationalism so he developed the philosophy of Romanticism. Romanticism placed man’s feelings, emotions and imagination as the sole criterion of truth. He rejected Biblical teachings regarding man’s sin nature and replaced it with his own opinion - man is naturally good, but society is bad. Rousseau also came up with an idea that led to modern permissive child rearing and progressive education.
These two philosophies, Rationalism and Romanticism, have done more to hurt than help man, and from these two philosophies came more philosophies and pseudo-sciences; dangerous philosophies such as Relativism, Idealism, Dialectic Thinking, Religious Liberalism, Darwinism, Materialism, Secularism, Socialism, Communism, and Humanism. The dangerous pseudo-sciences such as Evolution, Positivism, Pragmatism, Existentialism, and Modern Psychology began to emerge as well.
These philosophies intertwine and connect in a deadly web of a single belief and goal - to dethrone God and put man in His place. Let us examine how a few of these philosophies and pseudo-sciences are intertwined and how they are affecting the societies of today.
Evolution is an excellent place to begin. The pseudo-science of Evolution teaches that there is no Supreme Being or Divine Creator, but that everything happened by chance and that all living things have gone through various changes in the course of evolving into what we see now. Evolution can be connected to Dialectical Thinking, a philosophy that teaches of continuing changes and subjectivity. Dialectical Thinking can be traced back to Rationalism- man’s reason is truth. For example: “Bird’s feathers share the same protein makeup of a dinosaur scale- therefore I reason that birds evolved from dinosaurs in gradual changes.” It is easy to see how they are connected. Yet, how has the Theory of Evolution affected our society? Evolution dethrones God, removes Biblical absolutes, justifies abortion, and devalues human life. Evolution is an offspring of Voltaire’s philosophy of Rationalism.
Positivism is another dangerous philosophy/pseudo-science. Positivism states that nothing can be known except observable facts. Positivism eliminates man’s soul, rejects life after death, and removes God. Positivism stems from the philosophy of Materialism. Materialism is the idea that matter is the only reality and that everything in the world, including thought, will, and feeling must be explained in terms of matter. Materialism is the offspring of Relativism- the idea that truth is relative. Relativism is the child of Voltaire’s Rationalism- man’s reasoning is the sole criterion of truth. An example of this is: “I believe that there is no God; I cannot see, touch, smell, or hear Him. My reasoning is my truth. You may believe that there is a God, which is your reasoning and your truth.”
Education has suffered much at the hands of false philosophies. Abraham Lincoln once said, “The philosophy of the schoolroom in one generation is the philosophy of government in the next.” With philosophies like Darwinism, Positivism, Pragmatism, and Humanism in the classroom, God is left out. The students of today will be the people running the government of tomorrow, and they will be doing so without any acknowledgment of God. George Washington wisely said, “It is impossible to govern rightly . . . without God and the Bible.”
Many children today attend school and hear twisted philosophies and theories as fact, and are taught at an early age to reject God and the Bible. It is no surprise that young adults have no respect, no morals, and no stability. It is no shock that the teen suicide rate is climbing, along with unwed birthrates and unmarried couples rate. The divorce rate is climbing, and the crime rate is climbing, all because of a single dangerous thought When God and the Bible are removed, man is left with no hope.
Those who replace God with matter, chance, and man’s reasoning better heed this warning from Jesus Christ: “But whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea.” (Matthew 18:6)
Philosophies such as these are extremely dangerous and have affected societies throughout history. They have done incalculable damage to governments, criminal justice systems, and education. False philosophies have initiated wars, bloody revolutions, millions of deaths, and have caused thousands of young people to turn from the truth.
It is not easy to understand why a person would blindly follow such idiotic and senseless teachings, until we read what Paul wrote to Timothy:
2 Timothy 4:3-4
“For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after
their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.”